在CentOS6.5上安装OpenLDAP并配置LDAP方式用户登录金

一、需求
    1.属性隐藏

在CentOS6.5上安装OpenLDAP并配置LDAP方式用户登录

1.安装PHP和apache 如果没有EPEL的源需要安装下 yum install epel-release 若没有下载下来,就创建/etc/yum.repo.d/epel.repo


[epel]
name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 6 - $basearch
#baseurl=http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/$basearch
mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=epel-6&arch=$basearch
failovermethod=priority
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6

[epel-debuginfo]
name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 6 - $basearch - Debug
#baseurl=http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/$basearch/debug
mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=epel-debug-6&arch=$basearch
failovermethod=priority
enabled=0
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6
gpgcheck=1

[epel-source]
name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 6 - $basearch - Source
#baseurl=http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/SRPMS
mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=epel-source-6&arch=$basearch
failovermethod=priority
enabled=0
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6
gpgcheck=1

phpldapadmin依赖apache和php
yum install php httpd 配置httpd.conf
2.安装OpenLDAP yum install *openldap* openldap openldap-servers openldap-clients 配置OpenLDAP,配置文件/etc/openldap/slapd.conf 该文件默认没有,从/usr/share/openldap-servers/slapd.conf.obsolete拷贝一份到该位置 owner为ldap:ldap


database monitor
access to *
by dn.exact="gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth" read
by dn.exact="cn=Manager,dc=iflyyun,dc=cn" read
by * none database bdb
suffix "dc=iflyyun,dc=cn"
checkpoint 1024 15
rootdn "cn=Manager,dc=iflyyun,dc=cn"

配置/etc/openldap/ldap.conf


BASE dc=iflyyun,dc=cn
URI ldap://bja-pro0002.hadoop.cpcc.iflyyun.cn


配置ldap管理员用户密码 sldappasswd(注意不要用ldappasswd,否则会报GSSAPI错误) 输入密码,获得{SSHA}ph+VRzfWSeamboy0itVlazrJrxzVHh80格式的密码再修改/etc/openldap/slapd.conf 直接使用明文密码,使用加密密码有点问题 配置apache识别index.php 修改/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf 找到下面这一行,添加index.php DirectoryIndex index.html index.html.var index.php 修改/etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf 测试OpenLDAP配置文件是否正确: slaptest -u -f /etc/openldap/slapd.conf
3.安装phpldapadmin yum install phpldapadmin 配置/etc/phpldapadmin/config.ini


$servers->setValue('server','host','192.168.51.211');
$servers->setValue('server','port',389);
$servers->setValue('server','base',array('dc=iflyyun,dc=cn'));
$servers->setValue('login','auth_type','cookie');
$servers->setValue('login','bind_id','cn=Manager,dc=iflyyun,dc=cn');
$servers->setValue('login','attr','dn');(397行,这行取消注释)
// $servers->setValue('login','attr','uid');(将这行注释掉,否则登录会报错)


修改/etc/httpd/conf.d/phpldapadmin.conf,允许从其他机器访问


Order Deny,Allow
Allow from all


4.phpldapadmin配置 删除/etc/openldap/lapd.d/目录下的所有文件 创建LDAP根目录 ldapadd -x -D"cn=Manager,dc=iflyyun,dc=cn" -f base.ldif -W base.ldif


dn: dc=iflyyun,dc=cn
o: ldap
objectclass: dcObject
objectclass: organization


创建管理员用户 # Manager, iflyyun.cn
dn: cn=Manager,dc=iflyyun,dc=cn
objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
objectClass: organizationalRole
cn: Manager
description: LDAP administrator
5.LDAP客户端配置 安装必备软件 yum install nss-pam-ldapd pam_ldap openldap-clients 需要修改的配置文件有: /etc/sysconfig/authconfig、/etc/pam.d/system-auth、/etc/openldap/ldap.conf、/etc/nssswitch.conf 修改/etc/sysconfig/authconfig


IPADOMAINJOINED=no
USEMKHOMEDIR=yes
USEPAMACCESS=no
CACHECREDENTIALS=yes
USESSSDAUTH=no
USESHADOW=yes
USEWINBIND=no
USEDB=no FORCELEGACY=no
USEFPRINTD=yes
FORCESMARTCARD=no
PASSWDALGORITHM=yes
USELDAPAUTH=yes
USEPASSWDQC=no
IPAV2NONTP=no
USELOCAUTHORIZE=yes
USECRACKLIB=yes
USEIPAV2=no
USEWINBINDAUTH=no
USESMARTCARD=no
USELDAP=yes
USENIS=no
USEKERBEROS=no
USESYSNETAUTH=yes
USESSSD=no
USEHESIOD=no

修改/etc/pam.d/system-auth


#%PAM-1.0
# This file is auto-generated.
# User changes will be destroyed the next time authconfig is run.
auth required pam_env.so
auth sufficient pam_fprintd.so
auth sufficient pam_ldap.so
auth sufficient pam_unix.so nullok try_first_pass
auth requisite pam_succeed_if.so uid >= 500 quiet
auth required pam_deny.so

account required pam_unix.so
account sufficient pam_localuser.so
account sufficient pam_succeed_if.so uid < 500 quiet
account required pam_permit.so
account required pam_ldap.so

password requisite pam_cracklib.so try_first_pass retry=3 type=
password sufficient pam_unix.so md5 shadow nullok try_first_pass use_authtok
password sufficient pam_ldap.so use_authtok md5
password required pam_deny.so

session optional pam_keyinit.so revoke
session required pam_limits.so
session [success=1 default=ignore] pam_succeed_if.so service in crond quiet use_uid
session required pam_unix.so
session required pam_mkhomedir.so skel=/etc/skel/ umask=0022
session optional pam_ldap.so

修改/etc/openldap/ldap.conf


#
# LDAP Defaults
#

# See ldap.conf(5) for details
# This file should be world readable but not world writable.

#BASE dc=example,dc=com
#URI ldap://ldap.example.com ldap://ldap-master.example.com:666

#SIZELIMIT 12
#TIMELIMIT 15
#DEREF never

TLS_CACERTDIR /etc/openldap/cacerts

BASE dc=iflyyun,dc=cn
URI ldap://hfa-pro0002.hadoop.cpcc.iflyyun.cn


修改/etc/nssswitch.conf


#
# /etc/nsswitch.conf
#
# An example Name Service Switch config file. This file should be
# sorted with the most-used services at the beginning.
#
# The entry '[NOTFOUND=return]' means that the search for an
# entry should stop if the search in the previous entry turned
# up nothing. Note that if the search failed due to some other reason
# (like no NIS server responding) then the search continues with the
# next entry.
#
# Valid entries include:
#
# nisplus Use NIS+ (NIS version 3)
# nis Use NIS (NIS version 2), also called YP
# dns Use DNS (Domain Name Service)
# files Use the local files
# db Use the local database (.db) files
# compat Use NIS on compat mode
# hesiod Use Hesiod for user lookups
# [NOTFOUND=return] Stop searching if not found so far
#

# To use db, put the "db" in front of "files" for entries you want to be
# looked up first in the databases
#
# Example:
#passwd: db files nisplus nis
#shadow: db files nisplus nis
#group: db files nisplus nis

passwd: files ldap
shadow: files ldap
group: files ldap

#hosts: db files nisplus nis dns
hosts: files dns

# Example - obey only what nisplus tells us...
#services: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files
#networks: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files
#protocols: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files
#rpc: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files
#ethers: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files
#netmasks: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files

bootparams: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files

ethers: files
netmasks: files
networks: files
protocols: files
rpc: files
services: files

netgroup: nisplus

publickey: nisplus

automount: files nisplus
aliases: files nisplus

开启名称缓存服务 service nscd restart

http://www.bkjia.com/Linuxjc/987941.htmlwww.bkjia.comtruehttp://www.bkjia.com/Linuxjc/987941.htmlTechArticle在CentOS6.5上安装OpenLDAP并配置LDAP方式用户登录 1.安装PHP和apache 如果没有EPEL的源需要安装下 yum install epel-release 若没有下载下来,就创建/e...

       只显示用户名,部门(因为是单OU设计为了做区分),登录密码

    2.属性顺序显示

          部门>用户名>登录密码

    3.使用UID可以登陆

          用户可以使用账户(自己的名字)登录WEB界面

    4.隐藏登录后LOGO标志

    5.隐藏左侧按钮

二、功能实现

#在文件夹里面页面详情.jpg可以看到效果

    1.可以实现的功能

          #在配置文件中(/etc/phpldapadmin/config.php)做如下修改

      属性隐藏设置                                                                                                                                                        #定位217行 找到这一条数据 => $config->custom->appearance['hide_attrs'] = array();

          #例子:
                     $config->custom->appearance['hide_attrs'] = array('objectClass','sn','cn','uid');

                        #隐藏 objectClass,sn,cn,uid属性

      属性顺序显示                                                                                                                                                        #定位265行 找到这一条数据 => $config->custom->appearance['attr_display_order'] = array();

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